Soft drinks include soft drinks, still drinks and juices, diluents, fruit juices, bottled drinks, sports drinks and energy drinks (British Soft Drinks Association Annual Report 2016). According to the UK Soft Drink, total soft drink consumption in the UK only increased 0.2% between 2010 and 2015. 13.3 billion liters of soft drinks were consumed compared to 13.2 in 2010, with more than half (58%) of the consumption being in calorie-free or low-calorie types (0-20 kcal per 100 ml).
In the past century, soft drinks have shifted dramatically from local pharmaceuticals to a global industry that generates $ 60 billion and produces 1 billion liters per year. These changes are due to advances in manufacturing technology and marketing innovations. In this article, we will discuss the Impact of soft drinks on health.
Different types of soft drinks:
Modern drinks contain carbon dioxide for carbonation. Soft drinks represented the largest category of soft drinks in 2016 with a market share of 38% in the United Kingdom. Carbon dioxide, a common factor in all carbonates, is added to stir up the drink. Other ingredients are water, sugar (sucrose, glucose, fructose), strong sweeteners (see below), acids (citric, malic, phosphoric), fruit juices, preservatives, fragrances, coloring, etc. I have. Currently, low-calorie and free-calorie drinks make up 45% of the category, with an additional 5% of the average calories.
Some beverages are made from concentrates that need to be diluted to the consumer’s taste, such as pumpkin and liquor, and account for the second largest (22%) share of total soft drink consumption in 2016 with no calories. Variants in this category (87%) offer low-calorie snacks for adults and children alike. Fruit juice is a 100% pure juice made from the pulp or whole fruits of fresh fruits, depending on the variety used. No sugar, sweets, preservatives, flavors or colors have been added to the fruit juice. They contain small pieces of cell or pulp and vitamin C (ascorbic acid). Fruit juice accounts for 7% of all soft drink consumption in the UK.
Sports drinks are another drink that is particularly popular with teenagers and teenagers and contains electrolytes like water, carbohydrates, mainly glucose, maltodextrin, fructose, sodium, potassium and chloride. Electrolytes are added to improve palatability and to maintain fluid / electrolyte balance. Sports drinks are designed to prevent dehydration and improve athletic performance before, during or after exercise. They replace lost water and electrolytes / minerals through sweating and provide a carbohydrate boost. The additional benefits of sports drinks over water alone in reducing the effects of exercise dehydration on cardiovascular dynamics, thermoregulation, and exercise performance have been questioned. For most people who are physically active, no clear evidence of the additional performance benefits of sodas over water alone has been found. Although these drinks are intended to help athletes, in recent years they have become popular and socially consumed by the general public, especially the younger generation.
In contrast, energy drinks are based on glucose and supplement the energy from caffeine, guarana, taurine and ginseng. Energy drinks are high in sugar and caffeine. Therefore, they can improve physical and mental performance and improve alertness, focus, endurance, and mood. Caffeine content and concentration vary widely from brand to brand, and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not require labeling of the amount of caffeine in these beverages.
Today the sports and energy drink sector of the UK market has a 6% share and is worth over £ 2 billion from the UK Soft Drink Association. Low calorie and zero calorie drinks make up only 5% of the category, and 62% of the energy drinks on the market are regular.
It is encouraging that the consumption of bottled water in the UK has increased significantly from 2 billion liters (14.8%) in 2010 to around 3 billion liters (19.3%) in 2015 and 58 billion liters in 2015 Liters in 2016, an increase of almost 9%. Bottled water sales outpaced soft drinks, making it the largest beverage category in the United States in 2016.
Effects of soft drinks on dental health:
Tooth decay is a multifactorial disease that is influenced by several factors, including salivary flow and composition, fluoride exposure, sugar consumption, and oral hygiene practices.
Soft drinks, with the exception of bottled water, contain large amounts of potentially cariogenic sucrose or high fructose corn syrup. A typical 350 ml can of regular lemonade contains 10 teaspoons (40 g) of this sugar. Frequent long-term use of regular, high-sugar soda can lead to tooth decay. Many studies have shown that there is a positive association between tooth decay and soda consumption. The increased risk of developing tooth decay in children is more associated with drinking soda between meals than between meals.
Influence of carbonated beverages on overall health:
Carbonated drinks are often high in sugar and acid. Each gram of sugar contains 4 calories. In addition, they only provide energy and have few nutritional benefits. In some studies, soda pops high in sugar and acid are harmful to children and adolescents, including being overweight, obese, type 2 diabetes, tooth decay, and an increased risk of acid erosion. They have been shown to have potential consequences.
Obesity has emerged as one of the biggest global health problems of late. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Scientific Advisory Group on Nutrition (SACN) recommend a diet in which up to 5% of the energy comes from free sugars. SACN finds that almost a third of children ages 2-15 in the UK are overweight or obese, with the younger generation becoming obese at a younger age and staying longer.
In the United States, two in three adults and one in three children are overweight or obese, with more than 18% of 6 to 19 year olds above the 95th percentile of the body mass index (BMI) for age and gender.
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